Chemical Protective Gloves


“ChemRest makes navigating the challenges of chemical resistant hand protection easier for safety professionals by providing an entire chemical resistance portfolio of products, resources and tools in one platform. Based on well over 70 years of product trials, market and customer research, and the joint experience of our 6000+ global employees, ChemRest offers 3 key service pillars that serve to reduce chemical-related injuries: education, evaluation, equipment.” Visit www.showagroup.com/us-en for more information.

Background/History

Chemical protective gloves must meet the requirements of European standard EN 374. This standard was modified substantially in 2016. These changes became effective once they were published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

EN 374 has several parts. Part one, officially referred to as EN ISO 374-1:2016, states: “Protective gloves against dangerous chemicals and micro-
organisms—Part 1: Terminology and performance requirements for chemical risks.”

Updates to Standard (2016)

Graphic courtesy Chem Rest (Showa)

The changes that have occurred can be summarized by comparison, below. 

Previous standard language (EN 374-1:2003): 

  • “Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms”
  • Assumption of protection against micro-organisms
  • 12 test chemicals
  • Beaker for “waterproof protective gloves with limited protection against chemical dangers”
  • Labeling on product should be a pictogram of conical flask with a minimum of 3 letters for test chemicals

The new standard, as of 2016, on the other hand, changes some of the language and also adds more specificity:

  • “Protective gloves against dangerous chemicals and micro-organisms”
  • Removal of reference to micro-organisms in the text (now part of part 5)
  • Number of test chemicals increased from 12 to 18
  • Beaker no longer used
  • Gloves are classified as types A, B or C
  • Change of labelling on the product now should depict a pictogram of conical flask with differing number of letters for test chemicals per type

The test chemicals have also increased in number. The test catalogue was extended as per the new 2016 standard. The chemicals with code letters from M to T are new, and now include nitric acid (65%), acetic acid (99%), ammonium hydroxide (25%), hydrogen peroxide (30%), hydrofluoric acid (40%) and formaldehyde (37%). 

Marked for Protection

You can identify a glove’s chemical protection performance by looking at the Type at the top of the pictogram and the letters underneath it. The Type will tell you how many of the 18 chemicals listed in the table were tested with the glove to check its performance, as well as the expected minimal length of the protection against these chemicals. The Letter code denotes the tested chemicals within the EN 374 standard.

The markings for protective gloves was also updated, as follows: 

  • Type A: Protective glove with permeation resistance of at least 30 minutes each for at least six test chemicals.
  • Type B: Protective glove with permeation resistance of at least 30 minutes each for at least three test chemicals.
  • Type C: Protective glove with permeation resistance of at least 10 minutes for at least one test chemical.

Most chemical protective gloves can be assigned to type class A; only thin, disposable protective gloves will be assigned to types B and C. 

Why 2016 Changes are Important

The 2016 EN ISO 374 standard ensures consistency in testing and helps users and safety professionals determine their chemical protection needs. The revised requirements are reflected in pictograms that appear on gloves and on glove dispenser boxes certified for chemical and micro-organism exposure. 

Resources: 

According to the ISO website, “ISO 374-1:2016 specifies the requirements for protective gloves intended to protect the user against dangerous chemicals and defines terms to be used. If other protection features have to be covered, e.g., mechanical risks, thermal risks, electrostatic dissipation etc., the appropriate specific performance standard is to be used in addition. Further information on protective gloves standards can be found in the EN 420.”

To purchase the standard, go to https://www.iso.org/standard/66421.html 

Share on Socials!

Related Articles

Related Articles

Protect Employees From Silica Exposure

Mark Stromme, Contributor Employees in general industry facilities can be exposed to respirable crystalline silica dust. This exposure occurs during the manufacture of brick, concrete blocks, ...
Read More

Eyes On This: Prevent Eye Injuries at the Workplace

By: Barbara Nessinger, Editor-in-Chief © Anna Kosolapova - stock.adobe.com According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, it is estimated that more than 2,000 people a ...
Read More

Emergency Eyewash & Shower Equipment: ANSI/ISEA Z358.1-2014

“Standards provide guidance so various groups understand both expectations and their purpose. ANSI Z358.1 explains what is needed to provide a safe environment and the minimum ...
Read More

Follow Us!

Leaders in Industrial Hygiene

AccuTec-IHS
ENMET
HafcoVac
ILC
OHD

Subscribe!

Sign up to receive our industry publications for FREE!

Industrial Hygiene

Construction Safety